Denton County Influenza Surveillance
DCPH Weekly Influenza Surveillance Report for Week 10 (3/1/20 – 3/7/20).
Moderate influenza activity was reported in Denton County for week 10. Denton County sentinel providers reported that there were 566 influenza tests performed during week 10, resulting in 93 positive influenza tests (83 Flu A and 10 Flu B) and 20 hospitalizations. Syndromic surveillance for influenza-like illness (ILI) in Denton County stayed the same during week 10 when compared to the previous week. 0.4% of the total reported school population was absent due to ILI in week 10. 1 influenza-associated adult death has been reported in Denton County for the 2019-2020 season.
During week 10, influenza activity remained high across both Texas and the United States. The percentage of specimens testing positive for influenza in Texas was 18.0% for week 10. The percentage of visits for ILI in Texas as reported by ILINet providers increased to 8.9% in week 10 compared to the previous week. The percentage of specimens testing positive for influenza in the US was 21.5% for week 10. The proportion of outpatient visits for ILI in the US in week 10 was 5.2%, which is above the national baseline of 2.4%. The proportion of deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza (P&I) from the National Center for Health Statistics Mortality Surveillance System for week 9 was 7.1%, which is below the epidemic threshold of 7.3% for week 9.
Healthcare providers should be aware of the following recommendations:
- Clinicians should encourage all patients 6 months of age and older who have not yet received an influenza vaccine this season to be vaccinated against influenza.
- Rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) have limited sensitivities and predictive values; negative results of RIDTs do not exclude influenza virus infection in patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of influenza. Therefore, antiviral treatment should not be withheld from patients with suspected influenza, even if they test negative.
- Clinicians should encourage all persons with influenza-like illness who are at high risk for influenza complications to seek care promptly to determine if treatment with influenza antiviral medications is warranted.
- All Hospitalized, Severely Ill, and High Risk Patients with suspected influenza should be treated with antivirals. Prompt treatment with influenza antiviral drugs can reduce serious illness and death. These drugs work best when started soon after influenza symptoms begin (within 2 days), but persons with high-risk conditions can benefit even when antiviral treatment is started after the first two days of illness.